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  HISTORY

    - Relationship to the Seminole
    - Relationship to the Miccosukee
 
  - 1833 Map of Florida
    - Cultural Archives
    - Scientific Accomplishments of Seafaring Chontal Maya
    - Ancient Trading / Current Colonization Routes (bearing ancestral and cultural
      ties to the land)
    - Calusa Territory
    - Miccosukee Deity (the feathered or winged serpent)

    -
Calusa Territory



CALUSA - MAYA - MICCOSUKEE
 SEMINOLE NATION
TERRITORY




Territory of the Calusa
Information source:
M. C. Bob Leonard, Professor of History, Hillsborough Community College, Tampa, Florida.






General Alexander McComb Treaty Defining Calusa/Maya/
Miccosukee Seminole Nation territory

Information Source: SATURDAY EVENING POST - February 1, 1964 by Roy Bongartz


OPINION - Osceola's history

October 04, 1998 | By Jim Robison of the Sentinel Staff

Kissimmee's cultural heritage could go back way, way long ago - like to Egypt.

Florida folklore historian Charlie Carlson writes in Strange Florida, The Unexplained and Unusual that at least some of the early Kissimmee River valley tribes could have cultural ties to the Mayan Empire. He adds that the artwork and other cultural characteristics of the Floridians known as the Calusa resembled Egyptian art and religion.

``The peak of the Calusa culture seems to have occurred around 800 A.D., which strangely coincides with the peak of the Mayan classic period,'' Carlson writes.

 
Before pioneer settlers planted citrus groves in the fertile soil along the St. Johns River, before soldiers drove the last few hundred Seminoles deep into the Everglades, this land now called Kissimmee was on the edge of the land controlled by the Timucuans on the north and the Calusas on the south. When the Spanish came to Florida in the 1500s, they identified various tribes of Timucua-speaking villagers throughout North and Central Florida, and mostly Calusas from Tampa Bay to South Florida.

Were the Calusa descendants of refugees from Atlantis? Could they have been shipwrecked Phoenicians or Egyptians? Carlson speculates on these possibilities as he makes his case of a cultural tie between early Floridians and the Maya, neighbors across the Gulf of Mexico.

Carlson's tales sound a bit strange. But, consider that early Florida cattlemen and others who ventured into the interior along the Kissimmee River reported finding all sorts of strange things, like giant ruins of what looked a lot like pyramid-shaped mounds of earth and shell. Some even had steps leading to the top. Cattlemen exploring the river also reported finding what appeared to be man-made canals similar to those found in Central America.

Some of the Calusa cultural or religious practices could date back to Mesopotamia.

``Like the Aztec and Maya, the Calusa practiced human sacrifice,'' Carlson writes. ``Whenever one of the ruling class died, his children, servants, or other family members were killed and buried with him, along with his possessions and animals.''

Even some of the Calusa weapons - spears and clubs lined with shark teeth - resembled weapons and tools from the Yucatan.

There's even a Mayan legend that their ancestors came from the east across a great sea. And Columbus, on his fourth crossing of the Atlantic, recorded observing a Mayan canoe with a canopy and sails carrying 25 men, women and children.

Maybe, just maybe, Kissimmee should really be Ca-ssimmee.


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